International Journal of Business and Management (IJBM) 2022-07-24T15:49:53+00:00 Dr. Scott Johnson Open Journal Systems <p>The <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-saferedirecturl=";source=gmail&amp;ust=1648067498713000&amp;usg=AOvVaw1Ex8EBTykIECXtbFCX9cAg">International Journal of Business and Management (IJBM)</a> <strong>(ISSN Online: 2815-9330)</strong> is a fully open access, peer-reviewed academic journal. We adhere to the highest scientific standards and follow a rigorous peer-review process. We welcome submissions from across the social sciences, economics and humanities disciplines. IJBM aims to publish rigorous theoretical, methodological, or empirical research associated with the areas of business and management including strategy, accounting, economics, finance, management, marketing, tourism, organisation, human resources, operations, supply chain, corporate social responsibility, and corporate governance. The journal aims to attract original knowledge based on academic rigour and of relevance for academics, researchers, professionals, and/or public decision-makers.</p> <p>We are <a href="">CrossRef</a>.</p> The Effect of Supply Chain Management on Competitive Advantage: Mediating Role of Supply Chain Responsiveness in Ethiopian Food Processing Industry 2022-04-02T18:19:20+00:00 Tilahun Nigatu Habtemariyam Chalchissa Amentie Kero <p style="font-weight: 400;">This study aims to examine the indirect impact of supply chain management (SCM) in its five dimensions (supplier relationship, customer relationship, information sharing, information quality and postponement) on the competitive advantage in its five dimensions (Cost, Quality, Delivery Time, flexibility, and innovation) through supply chain responsiveness as a mediator. Furthermore, 234 questionnaires were distributed in food processing industries. The total of 215 questionnaires was analyzed. For a robust result, we conducted exploratory factor analysis (EFA) using Varimax rotation and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to check the scale. Furthermore, we test validation of the second-order construct. Structural equations modelling (SEM) using AMOS 24 was used to test the hypotheses. The results of analysis show that the supply chain management practice (SCMP) has a positive and statistically significant influence on supply chain responsiveness (β = 0.909, p-value = 0.000) and the competitive advantage of firms with the standardized coefficient of (β= 0.639, p-value = 0.000). Similarly, the supply chain responsiveness has a positive and significant effect on competitive advantage by (β = 0.352, p-value = 0.000), on the other hand, supply chain management practice (SCMP) has a significant indirect effect on competitive advantage by (β = 0.320, p-value = 0.000) through supply chain responsiveness. Accordingly, we suggest that managers of food processing should properly manage their supply chain management practice, develop a responsive supply chain to gain a competitive advantage. But this study was limited only to food processing with plc and Share Company.</p> 2022-07-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Tilahun Nigatu Habtemariyam, Dr Chalchissa Amentie Kero Effect of Personality Traits on Investment Intention of People: Kazakhstan Case 2022-04-14T00:56:30+00:00 Olzhas Sadykov <p style="font-weight: 400;">The paper aims to study relationship between personality traits (“big five” traits, such as openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, neuroticism, and agreeableness), as well as financial literacy of retail investors on willingness to make investment decisions on financial assets in Kazakhstan. Survey collection method of 200 randomly selected people from different social statuses, geographical locations (cities, countryside) and ages via internet, printed papers, and face-to-face meetings. There were decided to approach exploratory study with pragmatic philosophical view. Due to the reason of usage questionnaire, quantitative approach will be the most suitable approach for the study. The research is tended to be completed during the one academic semester. Hence, cross-sectional study is the best fitted type of study for the research paper. Salary, extraversion, agreeableness, preferences on investment instruments and level of financial literacy have statistically significant positive impact on intention of people to participate in investment activities. Conversely, openness trait found to has statistically significant negative impacts on investment intention of participants. Other variables do not have a statistically significant negative or positive impacts on investment willingness within the country. Intention to make investment decisions can be identified by screening of secondary data received from related papers, intention to make risky investments and level of risk tolerance toward investment decisions. However, level of tolerance toward risks varies according to the individuals' level of neuroticism, agreeableness, as well as level of sadness, conscientiousness, and financial literacy.</p> 2022-07-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Olzhas Sadykov Emergency and Disaster Logistics Processes for Managing ORs Capacity in Hospitals: Evidence from United States 2022-05-11T06:36:14+00:00 Mohammad Heydari Yanan Fan Mahdiye Saeidi Kin Keung Lai Xiaoyang Li Ying Chen Jiahui Yang Xinyu Cai Xin Zhang <p>Hospitals and the concept of a healthcare delivery system are practically synonymous. Surgical services, emergency and disaster services, and inpatient care are the three main services they offer. Outpatient clinics and facilities are also available at some hospitals, where patients can receive specialty consultations and surgical services. What challenges do hospital administrators face when attempting to balance the supply and demand for medical services while preserving service quality and maintaining low prices? In what ways and to what extent has OM literature contributed to the resolution of these issues? What are the current trends in practice? What additional opportunities and challenges do they present to OM students? This study is an attempt by the authors to answer the aforementioned questions. Although service capacity could be measured by the number of physical and human resources employed, we chose to focus on the three primary types of services provided by hospitals.</p> 2022-07-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mohammad Heydari, Yanan Fan, Mahdiye Saeidi, Kin Keung Lai, Xiaoyang Li, Ying Chen, Jiahui Yang, Xinyu Cai, Xin Zhang Barriers of Good Corporate Governance Practices: Evidence from Emerging Economy 2022-07-24T15:20:18+00:00 Yin Liu <p style="font-weight: 400;">Corporate governance (CG) is often split among rule and principle-based methods to regulation in distinctive institutional contexts. CG practices are divergent among countries due to differences in their institutional environments. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to identify the barriers of CG practices and compliance in Pakistan. The primary data is collected from 105 Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX) listed firms through survey questionnaire. The study employed the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to identify the barriers of good CG practices and compliance in Pakistan.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">Using exploratory factor analysis (EFA), this study identified five major barriers, i.e. firm level barriers (lack of auditor independence, board ineffectiveness, lack of shareholders’ awareness), external barriers (political and governmental interference in business activities, weak legal control and enforcement, high levels of corruption), social barriers (strong social ties among different stakeholders, interpersonal connections among boards of directors (BoDs), education and training barriers (lack of professional education and training among stakeholders) and legal barriers (fewer voting rights) which restrain good CG practices in Pakistan.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">The study contributes to existing CG literature and highlights the barriers which hinder the good CG practices and compliance, especially in the context of Pakistan. The findings are applicable to other emerging markets especially in Asian countries due to similar socio-economic environment.</p> 2022-07-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Yin Liu Credit Information Sharing and Firm Innovation: An Empirical Evidence 2022-07-24T15:49:53+00:00 Nurali Khan <div class="textLayer">This paper investigates the effect of credit information sharing (CIS) on borrower’s innovation activities. On the foundation of unique dataset from developed and developing countries, we find that public credit registries (PCRs) have significant positive relationship with firms’ innovation. These findings contract the facilitative role of CIS in lowering firm’s cost of capital and boost efficiency. Out findings are robust to different specifications and alternative measures. After the establishment of PCRs, firms may benefit more if these firms have more power in enforcing the contracts and have dispersed banking environment. These findings are aligned with the perspective that improvements in creditors’ information sets leads to innovative portfolios and better financing opportunities. </div> 2022-07-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Nurali Khan